At Smith Veterinary Hospital, we take a lot of hip radiographs (x-rays) for OFA screening (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals). Sometimes people may wonder why it is important to radiograph dogs that seem normal on the outside. This picture shows hip radiographs taken as routine pre-breeding screens and emphasizes the importance of radiographic screening of hips over physical exam alone.
The dog on the left has normal hip conformation. The dog on the right has severely dysplastic hip joints with significant secondary degenerative joint disease. Both dogs are Labrador Retrievers just over 2 yrs of age, apparently healthy, well muscled and no signs of pain or lameness.
We also take a lot of elbow radiographs for OFA screening. This picture shows elbow radiographs (flexed) that were taken as routine screens. The dog on the left has normal elbow conformation. The dog on the right has significant elbow dysplasia. Both dogs are German Shepherd Dogs (normal dog is 3yrs old, dysplastic dog is 2 yrs old) that are apparently healthy, well muscled and no signs of pain or lameness.